Philodendron alternans is a beautiful and unique houseplant that is perfect for those who are looking for something different. This plant has large, dark green leaves that alternate along the stem, giving it its name. It is an easy plant to care for, and it will thrive in most home environments.
If you are looking for a low-maintenance plant that will add some beauty to your home, then Philodendron alternans is a perfect choice!
Philodendron alternans Appearance
Philodendron alternans is a Philodendron species that is native to Colombia. The plant is an epiphyte, meaning that it grows on other plants or trees. It has long, green leaves that are alternate, meaning that they grow in pairs on opposite sides of the stem.
The leaves are glossy and have finely serrated edges. This plant can grow up to 30 cm in length. The Philodendron genus is a member of the Araceae family, which also includes the genera Anthurium and Dieffenbachia. It is found in tropical regions throughout the world, including South America, Central America, and Africa.
Philodendron alternans Features
It is a drought tolerant plant. It can go for long periods of time without water and still remain healthy.
Philodendron alternans is also known for its air purification properties. The plant can remove harmful toxins from the air, making it a great choice for those who are looking for a healthy indoor environment.
It is a low-maintenance plant that is easy to care for. The plant thrives in most home environments and does not require a lot of sunlight or water.
It does not go through a true dormancy, but it will slow down its growth during the winter months.
Philodendron alternans Care
Philodendron alternans does well in indirect sunlight and does not require a lot of water, but it should be kept moist at all times. It prefers high humidity levels and can be grown in a humid environment or you can use a humidifier to increase the humidity level in the room.
|Soil||Moist, organic soil.|
|Sunlight||Bright, indirect light.|
|Water||Water every couple of days.|
|Temperature||65 and 80°F|
|Fertilizer||20-20-20 fertilizer diluted to half strength.|
|Pruning||Not required regularly.|
Philodendron alternans prefers well-draining soil that is rich in organic matter. The plant can be grown in most types of soil, but it will do best in a moist, organic soil.
It does well in indirect sunlight. The plant can tolerate low light levels, but it will not grow as quickly in shady conditions.
Philodendron alternans should be watered regularly when the plant is actively growing. The plant does not require a lot of water, but it should be kept moist at all times. During the winter months, the plant may need to be watered less frequently. Overwatering can cause root rot and other problems.
This plant prefers high humidity levels. The plant can be grown in a humid environment, or you can use a humidifier to increase the humidity level in the room.
It prefers warm temperatures between 65 and 80°F, but this plant can tolerate a wide range of temperatures.
Philodendron alternans does not require frequent fertilization. The plant can be fertilized every two to four weeks when it is actively growing. Use a balanced fertilizer or a 20-20-20 fertilizer diluted to half strength.
It does not require frequent pruning. The plant can be trimmed back to keep it healthy and looking its best.
How to Repot Philodendron alternans?
This plant should be repotted every two to three years. The pot should be slightly larger than the original pot and the soil should be a rich, organic soil. It can also be grown in a hanging basket or in a terrarium.
Signs that show Philodendron alternans needs Repotting:
If the plant is growing slowly or has stopped growing, it may need to be repotted. The leaves may also start to turn yellow or brown if the plant is not getting enough nutrients. The roots may also start to grow out of the pot if the plant is not repotted soon.
Follow these steps to repot Philodendron alternans:
- Remove the plant from its pot and gently loosen the soil
- Trim away any dead or damaged roots
- Repot the plant in a slightly larger pot and fill with a rich, organic soil
- Water the plant well and place it in a sunny location
- Fertilize the plant every two to four weeks when it is actively growing.
How to Propagate Philodendron alternans
It can propagate by division or by stem cuttings just like other plants such as Philodendron baudoense.
To propagate this plant by division, follow these steps.
- Remove the plant from its pot and gently loosen the soil.
- With a sharp knife, divide the plant into two or three sections.
- Repot each section in a separate pot and fill with a rich, organic soil.
- Water the plants well and place them in a sunny location.
By Stem Cuttings
To propagate it by stem cuttings, follow these steps.
- Remove the plant from its pot and gently loosen the soil.
- With a sharp knife, cut off a stem about four inches long.
- Remove the leaves from the stem and dip it in a rooting hormone.
- Plant the stem in moist, well-drained soil and cover it with a plastic wrap.
- Water the plant well and place it in a sunny location.
- The stem will start to grow new roots in a few weeks and can be transplanted into a larger pot when it is established.
Symptoms of Overwatering and Underwatering
If the plant is overwatered, the leaves will start to yellow and drop off. The roots may also start to rot. If the plant is underwater, the leaves will start to wilt and turn brown. The plant may also stop growing.
Common Problems and Their Solutions
It is a hardy plant and is not prone to many problems. However, the following problems can occur.
This problem is caused by overwatering. The roots will turn black and mushy and the plant will wilt. To fix this problem, repot the plant in a soil that drains well and water it sparingly.
Leaf Drop can be caused by a variety of factors, such as too much or too little water, high or low humidity, or temperature extremes. To fix this problem, adjust the watering and humidity levels and try to keep the temperature consistent.
It can wilt if it is not getting enough water or if the soil is too wet. To fix this problem, adjust the watering schedule and make sure the pot has good drainage.
This problem can be caused by a variety of factors, such as overwatering, underwatering, high or low humidity, or temperature extremes. To fix this problem, adjust the watering and humidity levels and try to keep the temperature consistent.
If you follow these simple tips, you can help your plant thrive. Enjoy your beautiful, green plant!
Pests and Diseases
It is not prone to many pests or diseases, but the following problems can occur.
These tiny pests can cause the leaves of this plant to turn yellow and brown. To get rid of spider mites, spray the plant with a strong stream of water or use an insecticidal soap.
These small, soft-bodied pests can attach themselves to the leaves and stems of this plant and suck the sap from the plant. To get rid of mealybugs, use a cotton swab dipped in rubbing alcohol.
Fungus can cause the leaves and stems of this plant to turn black and slimy. To get rid of the fungus, use a fungicide or a diluted solution of bleach.
If you notice any of these pests or diseases, take action immediately to get rid of them.
Many people also get confused between Philodendron alternans vs crassinervium. The wrong identification of the plant can result in a number of problems moving forward because of incorrect care requirements.
Tips for Growing Philodendron alternans Indoors
However, the following tips will help you grow a healthy plant.
- Keep the plant in a ventilated area as it needs plenty of air circulation to stay healthy. Do not place it in a humid environment or near other plants.
- Water the plant properly since this philodendron needs water when the soil feels dry to the touch. Do not overwater or underwater the plant.
- Fertilize the plant regularly. It needs a balanced diet of fertilizer to stay healthy. Feed it every two weeks with a water-soluble fertilizer.
- Repot the plant when necessary. It will grow best if it is repotted every year or so into a pot that is one size larger. Use rich, well-drained potting soil.
Philodendron alternans FAQs
It is a low-maintenance plant that can thrive in a variety of conditions and prefers moist soil and partial shade, but can also tolerate full sun or high humidity. It is a fast-growing plant, so it will need regular fertilizing and pruning to stay healthy.
Answer: Like all philodendrons, it is potentially poisonous if ingested. The leaves and stem contain calcium oxalate crystals, which can cause burning and irritation of the oral cavity, GI tract, and skin.
If swallowed, this plant can cause difficulty swallowing, excessive drooling, vomiting, and diarrhea. In severe cases, it can lead to difficulty breathing and convulsions. If you suspect that someone has ingested this plant, call poison control immediately.
It is available from a number of online retailers and can also be found at local garden centers, or from speciality plant dealers. It is a fast-growing plant, so it may be difficult to find in stock at some locations.
Philodendron alternans is an excellent plant for keeping in your home or office. It’s easy to care for, and it looks great! It has a unique appearance that will add some interest to any room.